1429 - French forces under the leadership of Joan of Arc crush the main English army under Sir John Fastolf at the Battle of Patay. This turns the tide of the Hundred Years' War.
1812 - War of 1812: The U.S. Congress declares war on the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
1940 - Finest Hour speech by Winston Churchill
1901 - Grand Duchess Anastasia Nicolaievna Romanova of Russia
1942 - Sir Paul McCartney, English singer and songwriter (Beatles)
1959 - Ethel Barrymore, American actress